HISTORICAL TIMELINE DETAILS (1950 to 1959)
Our victories, obstacles and leaders
ACCUSED, DETAINED AND DEPORTED - TSIEN HSUE-SHEN
Chinese-born Tsien Hsue-Shen (brilliant Cal Tech student, aerospace pioneer Theodore von Kármán colleague, commended by the U.S. Air Force for his contributions to its technological development after World War II, awarded a Robert H. Goddard Professorship of Jet Propulsion) was accused of harboring Communist sympathies and stripped of his security clearance that originated from his request to Cal Tech President Lee DeBridge in 1950 to visit (along with their grandchildren) his elderly parents in China.
Word was given to then Assistant Secretary of the Navy Dan Kimball of Tsien's openly made request. Kimball felt that it was a little risky for him, Tsien, and for the U.S. to have Tsien back in China. Somebody took Dan Kimball's remark seriously and said, "We've got to stop him." How were they going to stop him? Dan Kimball was shocked at the action of the Immigration Service to detain him and angry that his passing remark had been taken seriously.
DeBridge commented that "the way they found out to stop him was to charge him with having been a Communist. They found there was a little Communist group here in the thirties. When Debridge was asked if he thought Tsien was framed, his answer was the following: "Yes. I had no reason to doubt it, because we found out during the McCarthy days that two or three Caltech graduate students and others were involved. It was really a small Communist group."
But somebody had written down on a piece of paper the names of the people who had attended one of these meetings, and this was later brought into evidence. I think there was a typewritten list, and over at the side was written "Tsien." Well, that killed him. He had been back to China once before  and returned to this country.
And apparently the standard procedure when you came back to this country was to answer the question, "Have you ever been or are you now a member of the Communist Party?" And of course, he wrote "No." So the charge was "perjury." This was based on the accusation (based on the above-listed typewritten list) that he had been a member of this Communist group but when he reentered the country he had said he had not been.
INS impounded his luggage and charged him with concealing classified documents-the most "secret" of which, suspected of containing security codes, turned out upon inspection to be a table of logarithms.
In the meantime the FBI had "decided" that Tsien posed a security risk and imprisoned him in San Pedro. They placed him in a detention center that consisted of a little cubicle - a room that had desk with a light and a bed. But for him to be detained that way was a terrible blow to him to his ego and his self-respect. He had served this country well, then to be treated in this way. It made him, eventually, very bitter.
For the next five years he and family lived under U.S. government surveillance and partial house arrest/parole (under the supervision of Clark Millikan) - but he could not leave Los Angeles County without permission. He was put on parole under the supervision of Clark Millikan, who had to swear that he would report if Tsien left the county. It was a very humiliating experience that made him very bitter and anti-U.S.
Recently Caltech decided to offer Tsien the Alumni Award, and he said he could not come. He stated "The reason I can't come is because I'm still under a deportation order. If I were to come back to the United States, I would assume that that deportation order would be brought out, and I would be excluded."
LAWS AND G.I. BILLS HELP ENTER AMERICAN LIFESTYLE
Passage of a number of laws, including McCarran-Walter Act and Refugee Relief Act, contributes to increase of Chinese population in L.A.. Military experience and college education, made possible by various G.I. bills, help Chinese move into mainstream of American life.
Before 1952, no Japanese American had ever won an Olympic gold medal. At the 1952 Summer Games in Helsinki, three Japanese Americans won gold medals (Tommy Kono/Japanese American weightlifter, Yoshinobu Oyakawa/won a gold medal in swimming) and Ford Konno won two gold medals in swimming. Evelyn Kawamoto became the first Japanese American woman to win an Olympic medal.
DAHLIP SINGH SAUND - ASIAN INDIAN IN CONGRESS!
In 1952. he became the first Asian American and the only Asian Indian to have ever been elected to Congress from a mainland state. His famous and immortal quote is "There is no room in the United States of America for second-class citizenship."
SMALL IMMIGRATION QUOTA TO JAPANESE
One clause of the McCarran - Walter Act grants the right of naturalization and a small immigration quota to Japanese.
Sumitomo Bank of California is chartered to serve Japanese Americans.
WALTER-MC CARRAN ACT
Legislation which allowed Japanese immigrants to become naturalized citizens
FIRST NISEI JUDGE ON THE MAINLAND
California Governor Earl Warren appoints John F. Aiso of Los Angeles to the court, where he becomes the first judge of Nisei origin on the mainland.
CHINESE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE (LA) FORMED
The Chinese Chamber of Commerce was established in 1955 by a group of Chinese business people to promote and encourage the development of the Chinese-American business community throughout the Greater Los Angeles area.
The Chamber acts as a strong influence for positive action on key legislative and regulatory issues affecting the Chinese business climate and community. The organization provides a forum for the Chinese and Greater Los Angeles business communities for discussions on issues relevant to both groups.
In addition to serving as an advocate of the Chinese business community, the Chamber promotes cultural awareness to improve inter-ethnic relations by organizing events, such as the historical tours through Chinatown, Chinese New Year Golden Dragon Parade and Miss Los Angeles Chinatown Beauty Pageant.